Nigeria

IDEAS works in Gombe State in north-east Nigeria and uses multidisciplinary research methods to provide a rich source of data for funders, governments and non-governmental organisations working in maternal and newborn health.

Our findings contribute to the gap in implementation research on what works, why and how in getting life-saving interventions to families at scale. IDEAS’ research in Gombe State addresses the urgent need for better measurement and learning. Findings will be shared within the countries that IDEAS works and with groups around the world to contribute to best-practice in the measurement of quality, life saving health care for mothers and newborns.

IDEAS’ work in Nigeria is led by Country Coordinator Dr Nasir Umar and is implemented in conjunction with Data Research and Mapping Consult Ltd – IDEAS’ measurement, learning and evaluation partner in Gombe. The Gombe State Primary Health Care Development Agency provides leadership for translating findings into action.

Research areas in Nigeria are:

Tracking progress

Focus on a core set of priority interventions is key to tracking progress in maternal and newborn health. Together with the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, a maternal and newborn health dashboard was created in 2014 . The dashboard tracks population level coverage indicators for contacts with health services and for life saving interventions, together with facility level indicators of service readiness to provide life saving care. At six-monthly intervals IDEAS generates the primary data required to populate this dashboard and works with partners to reflect on progress.

In addition, IDEAS primary data collected in intervention and comparison areas is used to evaluate progress in the state against a set of priority indicators for maternal and newborn health. Final results will be available in 2019.

Supporting local decision making

Beyond the maternal and newborn health dashboard, a more detailed results framework is an important tool to help local stakeholders identify and focus on key implementation objectives within a complex environment. Working with the State Primary Health Care Development Agency and Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation implementation projects, IDEAS has developed and supports a Gombe State results framework that combines population level coverage with implementation targets. This is populated every six-months with estimates generated by IDEAS’ surveys, monitoring data provided by implementation partners and routine government data. Collectively, partners review each results framework update at ‘Data-driven Learning Workshops’ and use it as a learning tool with which to improve programme decision making.

At these workshops there is collective sharing and review of the most recent results, and all the participants reflect on the targets and the inter-dependency of grantees’ efforts. This is followed by consultation on the decisions needed to drive change. IDEAS provides technical support in the interpretation and use of data, including focussed actions that aim to support improvement in the quality of routine data sources.

Improving coverage measurement

Measurement for maternal and newborn health faces many challenges, especially for care that is delivered around the time of birth. Women may not be able to accurately report on the clinical care that they received, and the measurement of the quality of care provided (including respectful care) lacks standardised methods. We aim to improve measurement of priority indicators for maternal and newborn health by comparing the coverage estimates derived from multiple sources. Using data from observation of births in health facilities as gold-standard we test the validity of maternal reports on care provided, and evaluate the reliability of different data sources to provide comparable estimates. In addition, methods for linking household and facility data to produce effective coverage measures of care are under development.

Fostering innovation sustainability

IDEAS carries out qualitative studies to assess what happens to donor-funded maternal and newborn health innovations that are scaled-up in the longer term and how the foundation and other donors can take steps to foster sustainability. One such innovation is the Village Health Worker scheme. This scheme introduces a new cadre of community-based health workers who provide information and support to families, to improve health care behaviours in the home and increase uptake of appropriate and timely health care services when required.

This work will generate important knowledge on sustaining health programmes in low-income settings, building on previous IDEAS’ studies of scale-up and the work of other academics, and responding to the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation interest in scale-up both geographically and with a longer-term legacy.

Published content

Journal article
Newborn resuscitation in Gombe State, northeastern Nigeria

This paper published by Josephine Exley, Nasir Umar, Sarah Moxon, Adamu Umar Usman and Tanya Marchant from the IDEAS project, the London School of...

Journal article
Ownership in Name, But not Necessarily in Action

Melisa Martinez-Alvarez’s commentary on the IDEAS-led research on scalability and sustainability of pilot projects in three countries.

Research brief
A qualitative study of the scalability and sustainability of the Village Health Worker scheme in Gombe State, Nigeria

Key findings show changes that were made to the VHW scheme to increase its sustainability in the 57 wards where it is being implemented to...

Journal article
Six steps to prevent a development project ending in the graveyard

In reality however, in more cases than not, once donor funding dries up, the project comes to an end, thereby limiting the project’s longer term...

Research brief
Data-driven learning cycles and their impact on data use for decision making

The implementation partners are The Society for Family Health, SAQIP through a grant to PACT Nigeria and Evidence for Action through a...

News
Hiring a Research Fellow based in Lagos, Nigeria

The post-holder will have a PhD in public health or a closely related discipline, or equivalent demonstrated experience in research; demonstrated...